Activities

Half-century development of Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology

The third National Party Congress in 1960 proposed a policy of building socialism in northern Vietnam which meant to simultaneously conduct three revolutions, including a revolution in production relations, a technical revolution and an ideological culture revolution. The technical revolution is a key. To make a technical revolution, science must be developed to be the foundation. Therefore, right in 1960, the Government invited a senior scientific delegation from the Soviet Union to visit Vietnam to contribute ideas to our state about policies on Vietnam’s scientific development. The delegation, led by Academician Alexandr Kotelnikov, member of Presidium of the Soviet Union Academy of Science (later vice president of the Soviet Union Academy of Science), paid a visit to Vietnam and proposed the establishment of basic study units under the State Committee of Science. Having adequate maturity, these units would be separated to become the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, which has similar functions and tasks as academies of sciences in socialist countries at that time. The proposal was acquired by our Government. In 1961, the Government sent a delegation of Vietnamese scientists led by Prof. Ta Quang Buu, vice chairman and secretary-general of the State Committee of Science, to discuss and sign the Soviet Union – Vietnam science cooperation agreement with the Soviet Union Academy of Science. Accordingly, the Soviet Union would help Vietnam train scientific researchers and build technical facilities in order to establish basic study units, working towards the establishment of the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology. The agreement was carried out from 1962. From 1964, due to the US destructive war, the work was slowed down but still went on. The two first basic academies were set up. They were the Institute of Natural Science in Hanoi and the Institute of Marine Study in Hai Phong.

Government Decree on Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology

On December 25th, 2012, the Government issued Decree 108/2012/NĐ-CP defining the functions, tasks, powers and organizational structure of the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST). The decree comes into effect on February 19th 2013, replacing Decree 62/2008/NĐ-CP dated May 12th 2008 of the Government, defining VAST’s functions, tasks, powers and organizational structure.

Cooperation prospect between VAST and Japanese partners

Commissioned by the Prime Minister, Prof. Chau Van Minh, member of the Party Central Committee and president of the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), has led a VAST delegation to visit Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) from October 22nd to 26th 2012.

Transferring technology and equipment producing biodiesel and additional products from Mu Oil Tree to Lao partner

 

Transferring technology and equipment producing biodiesel and additional products from Mu Oil Tree to Lao partner
On August 18th, a ceremony on transferring technology and equipment to produce biodiesel and additional products from the mu oil tree (Vernicia Montana lour, under Euphorbiacca) between the Institute of Applied Materials Science and Teak wood import and export one member limited liability company took place in in Luang Prabang, Laos.
The event was held on the occasion of Luang Prabang liberation day and the 50th anniversary of Vietnam – Laos relation, according to Decision 870/QĐ-KHCNVN dated July 2, 2012 of President of the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) on transferring no-waste technology producing biodiesel from Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae from the Institute of Applied Materials Science to Teak wood import and export one member limited liability company.
The pilot workshops producing biodiesel from Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae, equipment and technical process of producing additional products from Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae, chemistry and equipment to analyse product quality, were transferred during the event. Representatives of Luang Prabang authorities, leaders from the Institutes under the Laos Ministry of Science and Technology, districts where Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae were planted; Academician Nguyen Van Hieu, president of the Scientific Council of the materials science sector under VAST, and leaders and staff from the Institute of the Institute of Applied Materials Science attended the ceremony.
Photo:  The ceremony transferring technology and equipment for processing Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae
At the ceremony, representatives watched pilot products right at the workshop, such as producing cattle food and starch from the bark of Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae. They also witnessed a biodiesel pilot production from oil of Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae and used biodiesel B-100 (100% metyl ester of the oil of Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae) to run an electric generator, and biodiesel B-20 (20% metyl ester of the oil of Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae and 80% of diesel from mine) to use for motor cars. In 2015, Laos is scheduled to import 440 million litres of diesel. Using 20% biodiesel from oil of Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae, Laos can save 88 million litres. Total area for planting Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae in Laos by 2015 can be up to 200,000 hectares. Each hectare will yield three or four tonnes of oil of Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae, equivalent with 1 to 1.2 tonnes of petroleum oil according to this technology.
This no-waste technology line can process 300 kilos of Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae per day with products, including 100 kilos of oil of Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae, 120 kilos of starch to be cattle food, 30 litres of high bio-active to make pesticide, 40 composite brick blocks from the skin of Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae. Nowadays, Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae can bring high economic effectiveness, so its price is expected to raise from 1,000 kip per kilos to 1,200 kip per kilo (1 kip is equivalent 2.8 VND).
Several photos from the ceremony:
- General director of the Teak Luang Prabang Vong Phet Xaykeryachongtua and composite brick product;
- General director of the Teak Luang Prabang Vong Phet Xaykeryachongtua and products from oil of the Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae (B-100)
- Products from Vernicia Montana lour under Euphorbiaccae
- The whole equipment line
- Engineer Truong Thanh Ngoc from the Institute of Applied Materials conducted a detailed inspected of the line.
- MA. Huynh Thanh Cong from the Institute of Applied Materials installed electric systems for the line
- Representatives participated in the ceremony

On August 18th, a ceremony on transferring technology and equipment to produce biodiesel and additional products from the mu oil tree (Vernicia Montana lour, under Euphorbiacca) between the Institute of Applied Materials Science and Teak wood import and export one member limited liability company took place in in Luang Prabang, Laos.

 

Ground-breaking ceremony of the Vietnam Space Center project

Ground-breaking ceremSpace technology is a high technology field, which is symbollic of the strength of technology and competitive possibilities in technical science of a nation in the world. Space technology integrates many hi-tech fields to discover, conquer and use space for people’s interest. In 2002, the Government assigned the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) to coordinate with ministries and relevant agencies to build a strategy and plan on developing the space technology of Vietnam to promote studying and applying space technology, using space technology to effectively serve the cause of industrialization and modernization and national sustainable socio-economic development. In June 2006, the Prime Minister approved this important strategy.

VAST delegation visits Belarus

At the invitation of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (NASB), from December 5th to 7th 2012, a delegation of the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) led by Prof. Chau Van Minh, VAST president, paid a working visit to the NASB.

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